Four hours south of the border.
Chihuahua City has more than 1500 institutionalized children. Some have no family, others have been removed from their family, and others have been abandoned. Until 2016 the only legal recourse was institutionalization.
A compilation of 9 international studies conducted between 2011 and 2015 found that 50% – 90% of institutionalized children experience physical or sexual abuse. Adolescents exposed to institutional care were significantly more at risk of physical abuse than those in foster care or the general population.
A recent study conducted in Moldova found that kids who grew up in an institution are 10x more likely to become victims of human trafficking. A 2002 assessment in Zambia found that of all children engaged in prostitution, almost half were double orphans and another quarter were single orphans.